2010-2012 International grant CARTI (Central Asia Research and Training Initiatives)
"Inter-confessional relations in trade-enterpreneural field of East-Kazakhstan in the turn of the 19-20th centuries". Project manager - Robert Crews, PhD, Professor of the Department of History at Stanford University. Researcher - Smagulova A.M., Researcher of SIC.
Keywords: inter-confessional relations, trading environment, East Kazakhstan, the end of 19th - beginning of the 20th centuries.
The aim of the study is to examine the inter-confessional relations through trade ties on the territory of East-Kazakhstan in the 19th - early 20th century.
Inter-confessional relations are traditionally considered in relation to the traditions, religious practice, through the analysis of conflict, mobilization, the identity of interacting entities.
However, we do not set a goal to identify those characteristics that point to concrete results of inter-confessional contacts.
In our view, the intentional sample recorded in historical sources of action may lead to generalizations and pulling of research subjects in a certain form, pre-prepared stamp in separate groups on religious affiliation.
We tried to present trading environment - as a cultural layer (in the 19th – beginning of 20th centuries), to determine its professional code, conditions of interactions, perception of "other" on the background of the commercial landscape.
As the subject of the study, we opted for traders, who by virtue of their professional employment exhibit a high degree of mobility and adaptation. Commercial sphere is characterized by social activity that requires flexibility and responsiveness. This creates different situations where traders react to the perception, create and simulate the interaction process themselves.
In order to achieve the result of research we have set the following tasks:
- To consider the cultural patterns in the ethnic diversity of the trading community (for example, Russian, Chinese, Tatar, Central Asian traders);
- To present trade relations and their character in the geographical space with the zone of intersection on the territory of East Kazakhstan;
- Carry out the analysis of foreign contacts in the context of confessional self-presentation.
Milestones in accordance with the plan of the project are:
- studying of scientific literature, methodological approaches in the study of the Russian Empire and its colonial possessions;
- working in the archives of Barnaul, Omsk, Almaty;
- preparing of the source base: archival materials, pre-revolutionary government publications, personal diaries and letters;
- analyzing of historical sources;
- writing the final report.
1 Research training at CREEES, Stanford University lasted from February 17 to May 1, 2011. This trip expanded opportunities for research. Consultation with the Head of the theme, Robert Kruse allowed to more clearly imagine the subject of study. An important achievement was increasing the knowledge on methodology, foreign works on the history of the Russian Empire, the history of the Kazakhs. Much work was done in the libraries of Stanford University, at the Centre conferences, scientific seminars. Participation in the courses of the theme Head allowed to get acquainted with methods of teaching, setting learning tasks to the student audience.
2 Scientific trip to the Central State Archives, Almaty was held from June 4 to 15, 2012. During the archiving, the task was to find treatments of traders in judicial authorities, regional administration; material litigation on economic disputes between traders; personal letters, business correspondence. As a result, the following funds were examined:
- Fund № 470. Semipalatinsk regional court;
- Fund № 468. Pavlodar district court of Semipalatinsk regional court.
- Fund № 463. Semipalatinsk regional judge.
- Fund № 453. The prosecutor of Semipalatinsk regional court of the Ministry of Justice.
- Fund № 806. The Office of the Chief of the Siberian customs.
- Fund № 478. Semipalatinsk Customs of the Department of customs duties of the Ministry of Finance.
- Fund № 15. Semipalatinsk regional board.
- Fund № 386. Department of Zaisan police force of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
- Fund № 333. Akmola regional court of the Ministry of Justice.
- Fund № 330. Omsk regional court.
- Fund № 338. Omsk regional board of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
3 Research trip to Omsk State Historical Archive, Omsk, Russia was held from 25 to 29 June, 2012.
As a result, the following funds were examined:
- Fund № R-3. General Directorate of Western Siberia.
4 Scientific trip to the Center of Archive Foundation of Altai region, Barnaul, Russia was held from 9 to 14 July, 2012.
As a result, the following funds were examined:
- Fund № 1. Office of Kolyvano-Voskressensk Mining administration.
- Fund № 2. Altai mountain board.
- Fund № 26. Barnaul spiritual administration.
- Fund № 71. Barnaul Branch of the Russian-Asian Commercial Bank.
- Fund № 164. Altai Spiritual Mission of Tomsk diocesan administration.
East Kazakhstan State University